Cholera is a diarrhoeal disease caused by serious infection of the intestine with the bacterium called Vibro cholerae. It infects everyone-children and adults.
In some cases, it causes only mild diarrhoea or shows no symptoms at all. But without good care, it can lead to adverse effects like severe water diarrhoea and vomiting from 6 hours to 5 days.
Unlike other diseases, in the absence of adequate treatment, cholera can kill healthy adults within hours.
1) Drinking Untreated Water
During the cholera outbreak, you should refrain from using water whose source has not been treated.
The bacteria always spread easily to water sources and once you consume the water, the bacteria will enter your intestine and bring you severe effect.
2) Eating Raw Foods
You can be infected by feeding on food contaminated by the bacteria. Common sources of foodborne infection include raw or poorly cooked seafood, raw fruit and vegetables, and other foods contaminated during preparation or storage.
3) Using River Waters
This is especially dangerous where people defecate in the river and other water bodies.
Bacteria present in the faeces of an infected person are the main source of contamination. The bacterium can also live in the environment in brackish rivers and coastal waters.
The disease can thus spread rapidly in areas where sewage pours into rivers and contaminate them.